An investigation is currently being made of the parallax, proper motion, orbital motion, and mass ratio of the nearby binary star Stein 2051 [04h 11m.4, + 58°49'; (1900); mv = 11.08 and 12.44] based upon photographs taken with the Sproul Observatory 61-cm refractor, the 155-cm astrometric reflector of the U.S. Naval Observatory, and the 33-cm Vatican Carte du Ciel astrograph. A parallax of 0".185 reduced to absolute has been obtained from the material of the Sproul and Naval Observatories which covers the period 1965 to 1975. Since an arc of only 64 in the orbital motion of the visible components has been described from the 1908 epoch of the earliest Vatican plate, and since the separation has increased from 6".3 at that time to 7".3 at present and still on the increase, the period of the orbit can only be roughly estimated to be in excess of 300 years. With all plates measured in the same reference frame it has been possible to determine the individual motions of the two components and the mass ratio between them. Preliminary results indicate a perturbation in the orbital motion of the red component with a period of 20 years and a semi-major axis of 0".065. The mass ratio between the red dwarf system and the white dwarf is 0.5. A mass of 0.22 M☉ of the red component has been determined based upon comparison of its luminosity (Mv = 12.42) wiil the red dwarfs Kruger 60 A (Mv = 11.82), o2 Eri C (Mv = 12.73) and Kruger 60 B (Mv = 13.48) which have the same spectral type (M4) and known masses of 0.26, 0.19, and 0.16 respectively in units of solar masses. Its dark companion has a mass of 0.02 M☉. The white dwarf of spectral type DC and Mv = 13.78 has a mass of 0.48 M☉ as determined the mass ratio of 0.5 mentioned above.
Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica, vol. 3
- Pub Date:
- May 1977