An accurate calculation method for twodimensional incompressible laminar boundary layers, including cases with regions of sharp pressure gradient
Abstract
The paper develops and extends the calculation method of Stratford, for flows in which a Blasius type boundary layer reacts to a sharp unfavourable pressure gradient. Whereas even the more general of Stratford's two formulae for predicting the position of boundarylayer separation is based primarily upon an interpolation between only three exact solutions of the boundary layer equations, the present proposals are based upon nine solutions covering a much wider range of conditions. Four of the solutions are for extremely sharp pressure gradients of the type studied by Stratford, and five are for more modest gradients. The method predicts the position of separation extremely accurately for each of these cases. The method may also be used to predict the detailed distributions of skin friction, displacement thickness and momentum thickness, and does so both simply and accurately.
 Publication:

Aeronautical Quarterly
 Pub Date:
 August 1977
 Bibcode:
 1977AeQ....28..149C
 Keywords:

 Boundary Layer Separation;
 Incompressible Boundary Layer;
 Laminar Boundary Layer;
 Pressure Gradients;
 Two Dimensional Boundary Layer;
 Blasius Flow;
 Boundary Layer Equations;
 Prediction Analysis Techniques;
 Pressure Effects;
 Skin Friction;
 Steady Flow;
 Thickness;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer