Radiation from a current filament driven by a traveling wave
Abstract
Solutions are presented for the electromagnetic fields radiated by an arbitrarily oriented current filament located above a perfectly conducting ground plane and excited by a traveling current wave. Both an approximate solution, valid in the fraunhofer region of the filament and predicting the radiation terms in the fields, and an exact solution, which predicts both near and far field components of the electromagnetic fields, are presented. Both solutions apply to current waveforms which propagate along the channel but are valid regardless of the actual waveshape. The exact solution is valid only for waves which propagate at the speed of light, and the approximate solution is formulated for arbitrary velocity of propagation. The spectrummagnitude of the fourier transformof the radiated fields is computed by assuming a compound exponential model for the current waveform. The effects of channel orientation and length, as well as velocity of propagation of the current waveform and location of the observer, are discussed. It is shown that both velocity of propagation and an effective channel length are important in determining the shape of the spectrum.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 October 1976
 Bibcode:
 1976STIN...7711294L
 Keywords:

 Current Distribution;
 Electromagnetic Fields;
 Lightning;
 Traveling Waves;
 Approximation;
 Far Fields;
 Fourier Transformation;
 Near Fields;
 Spectrum Analysis;
 Wave Propagation;
 Electronics and Electrical Engineering