Thermodynamics
Abstract
The fundamental structure of thermodynamics is purely algebraic, in the sense of atopological, and it is also independent of partitions, composite systems, the zeroth law, and entropy. The algebraic structure requires the notion of heat, but not the first law. It contains a precise definition of entropy and identifies it as a purely mathematical concept. It also permits the construction of an entropy function from heat measurements alone when appropriate conditions are satisfied. Topology is required only for a discussion of the continuity of thermodynamic properties, and then the weak topology is the relevant topology. The integrability of the differential form of the first law can be examined independently of Caratheodory's theorem and his inaccessibility axiom. Criteria are established by which one can determine when an integrating factor can be made intensive and the pseudopotential extensive and also an entropy. Finally, a realization of the first law is constructed which is suitable for all systems whether they are solids or fluids, whether they do or do not exhibit chemical reactions, and whether electromagnetic fields are or are not present.
 Publication:

Journal of Mathematical Physics
 Pub Date:
 August 1976
 DOI:
 10.1063/1.523081
 Bibcode:
 1976JMP....17.1579Z
 Keywords:

 Algebra;
 Applications Of Mathematics;
 Entropy;
 Theoretical Physics;
 Thermodynamics;
 Continuum Mechanics;
 Electromagnetic Fields;
 Measure And Integration;
 Set Theory;
 Theorems;
 Thermodynamic Cycles;
 Topology;
 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics;
 05.70.a;
 Thermodynamics