The patrol of Martian water vapor carried out with the echelle-coudé scanner at McDonald Observatory during the 1972-1974 apparition has produced 469 individual photoelectric scans of Doppler-shifted Martian H 2O lines. Almost an entire Martian year was covered during the 1972-1974 period ( Ls = 118-269° and 301-80°). Three types of coverage have been obtained: (1) regular—the slit placed pole to pole on the central meridian; (2) latitudinal—the slit placed parallel to the Martian equator at various latitudes; (3) diurnal—the slit placed parallel to the terminator at several times during a Martian day measured from local noon. Both the seasonal and diurnal effects seem to be controlled by the insolation and not the local topography with respect to the 6.1 mb surface. A slight negative correlation with elevation was noted which improved during the seasons of greater H 2O content. The previous seasonal behavior has been confirmed and amplified. The following are the primary conclusions: (1) The planetwide abundance is low (5-15 μm of ppt H 2O) during both equinoctical periods. (2) The maximum abundance of about 40 μm occurs in each hemisphere after solstice at about 40° latitude in that hemisphere. (3) The latitude of the maximum amount in the N-S distribution precedes the latitude of maximum insolation by 10-20° of latitude. (4) During the "drier" seasons (5-20 μm) near the equinoxes on Mars, the atmospheric water vapor changes by a factor of 2-3x over a diurnal cycle with the maximum near local noon. (5) The effects of the 1973 dust storm during the southern summer reduced the amount of water vapor over the southern hemisphere regions to 3-8 μm.