A tensor formulation of the equation of transfer for spherically symmetric flows.
Abstract
A tensor formulation of the equation of radiative transfer is derived in a sevendimensional Riemannian space such that the resulting equation constitutes a divergence in any coordinate system. After being transformed to a spherically symmetric comoving coordinate system, the transfer equation contains partial derivatives in angle and frequency, as well as optical depth due to the effects of aberration and the Doppler shift. However, by virtue of the divergence form of this equation, the divergence theorem may be applied to yield a numerical differencing scheme which is expected to be stable and to conserve luminosity. It is shown that the equation of transfer derived by this method in a Lagrangian coordinate system may be reduced to that given by Castor (1972), although it is, of course, desirable to leave the equation in divergence form.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 April 1976
 DOI:
 10.1086/154305
 Bibcode:
 1976ApJ...205..520H
 Keywords:

 Doppler Effect;
 Frequency Shift;
 Radiative Transfer;
 Riemann Manifold;
 Tensor Analysis;
 Aberration;
 Coordinate Transformations;
 Stellar Atmospheres;
 Astrophysics