Ion-Induced Pinch and the Enhancement of Ion Current by Pinched Electron Flow in Relativistic Diodes
A new model for time-dependent and steady-state ion and electron flow in large-aspect-ratio diodes is constructed. The electron trajectories are computed with use of the self-consistent fields calculated during the initial ion motion. The dynamic formation of a tightly pinched electron flow is qualitatively explained. Very large ion currents, nearly equal to the electron current, are predicted for flat solid cathodes, when steady-state flow is achieved.