The influence of rotatory inertia, tip mass, and damping on the stability of a cantilever beam on an elastic foundation
The stability of a uniform viscoelastic cantilever resting on an elastic foundation, carrying a tip mass, and subjected to a follower force at its free end is investigated. The effects of the rotatory inertia of the beam, the transverse and rotatory inertias of the tip mass, and the foundation modulus, which characterizes a Winkler type of elastic foundation, are included in the partial differential equation of motion and boundary conditions, and the influence of these quantities on the value of the critical flutter load parameter Qf is sought. The exact forms of the fundamental frequency equations are derived for the cases of a viscoelastic and a purely elastic beam, and these equations are solved numerically for Qf These numerical results reveal that Qf depends strongly upon the foundation modulus for the cantilever carrying a tip mass or possessing rather small internal damping. In the absence of damping and a tip mass, the value of Qf, computed upon the inclusion of the rotatory inertia of the beam in the formulation of the equation of motion, is decreased slightly and continues to decrease in essentially a linear manner as the value of the foundation modulus parameter κ is decreased. Moreover, when the effect of very small internal damping is included, the value of Qf computed when the rotatory inertia of the beam is neglected increases slowly in an essentially linear fashion as x increases, whereas, when the effect of rotatory inertia is retained, the value of Qf decreases as κ is increased. Additional numerical results are reported graphically.