Most highland total rock samples define a single U sbnd Pb isochron which corresponds to a metamorphism age of ̃ 3.9AE. This age is also obtained for internal U sbnd Pb isochrons for some of these samples. The data on 18 rock samples range from concordant samples with 238U/ 206Pb̃ 1.2 to discordant ones with 238U/ 206Pb̃ 0.02. This feature coupled with a correlated pattern of 238U/ 204Pb ratios, indicates that Pb was extensively mobilized at ̃ 3.9AE. The observed Pb sbnd U fractionation is essentially due to Pb volatilization during the metamorphic events. Volatile Pb transport is not accompanied by similar effects in Rb and must therefore be attributed to a specific process. Rb sbnd Sr internal isochrons for the same rocks determine distinct metamorphic events in the interval 3.85-4.00 AE. We conclude that highland samples from widely separated areas bear the imprint of an event or series of events in a narrow time interval which can be identified with a cataclysmic impacting rate of the moon at ̃ 3.9AE, although differentiation by internal magma generation cannot be excluded. This cataclysm is associated with the Imbrium impact and very possibly the formation of Crisium and Orientale and possibly several other major basins in a narrow time interval (̃2 × 10 8yr or less). The U sbnd Pb data indicate formation of the lunar crust at ̃ 4.4AE, which is distinctly younger than 4.6 AE, the time generally associated with planetary formation. If the lunar crust started being formed at ̃ 4.6AE, then this process must have continued until times significantly younger than 4.4 AE. Rb sbnd Sr data also indicate formation of the lunar crust around 4.5 AE with only minor additions of high Rb/Sr materials to the crust at times younger than 4.3 AE. Using the U sbnd Pb systematics, K/U and the average U concentration of the moon as obtained from heat-flow measurements, we estimate the lunar concentrations: primordial Pb= 35ppb;Rb= 0.5ppm with Rb/Sr= 0.006.