Phytoplankton samples, collected in Monterey Bay, California, were analyzed for their Pb, Hg, Cd, Co, Ag, Cr, Ti, V, Mn, Ni, Cu, Fe, Zn, AI, Mo, Ba, Sr, K, Ca, Mg, Na and SiO 2 content. The results of these analyses were categorized on a chemical basis and the sample data were placed in three groups: Group I, Ti not detected; Group II, Ti detected; and Group III, Sr concentrators present. Levels of most elements were higher in Groups II and III for a variety of reasons that are discussed in the text. The siliceous frustules, remaining after organic-matter digestion, were also analyzed for the elements listed above. Significant amounts of Al, Ti, Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn were found. Zooplankton and microplankton samples, collected in Monterey Bay, California; off the coast of Oregon; and on a transect between Hawaii and Monterey, were also analyzed for the elements listed above (except Si). In general, element levels in the inshore and offshore zoo-plankton were similar; however, the microplankton samples, in which strontium was highly concentrated, were almost always higher in Pb, Hg, Cu, Fe and Zn.