Excited states (scattering states) of free and bound electronic polarons in non metals are introduced and investigated in the continuum approximation. It is suggested that transitions to these states might lead to prominent resonances in the optical absorption at energies approximately twice the bandgap energy. A shift towards higher energies of the corresponding resonances in the energy loss function is calculated. Such resonances and the predicted shift are found in the experimental data for alkali halides; previously they have generally been attributed to plasma excitations. Limitations of the present model, due to the continuum approximation, (and related to the oscillator strength of the transitions) are discussed. The electronic polaron coupling constant a is calculated and tabulated for a number of alkali halides.