Structure of Inserted Bacteriophage Mu-1 DNA and Physical Mapping of Bacterial Genes by Mu-1 DNA Insertion
It is shown, by electron microscope observation of the structures of heteroduplexes, that Mu-1 DNA inserted into the bacterial episomes Flac and F8 is collinear with, rather than a circulation permutation of, the DNA of the mature Mu-1 bacteriophage. Observation of the position of the inserted Mu defines a point within the gene that has been inactivated (the lacI gene for Flac and a transfer gene in F8 in these particular instances). These examples illustrate a new, general method for physical gene mapping. The episome with Mu DNA inserted into F8 [i.e., F8(Mu)], although derived from a single colony, is heterogeneous in that a self-renatured sample shows a nonhomology loop of length 3.0 kb. This nonhomology loop, which has previously been observed in mature Mu-1 DNA, is due to an inversion.