Pointtopoint correlation of sound pressures in reverberation chambers
Abstract
The reverberation chamber is such a fundamental tool in general acoustics and, in particular, architectural acoustics, that most of its properties have been under intensive study for some years. However, the pointtopoint correlation of the sound pressures has received little attention except for an elegant paper by Cook et al. published in 1955. The behavior of the pointtopoint correlation with position and direction is a measure of the diffuseness of reverberant field. It is also an indication of the minimum permissible spacing of microphones used to obtain independent estimates of sound pressure level. It is undoubtedly the limiting factor in the realism of highintensity noise tests as applied to major sections of missiles or space vehicles. A highly correlated field tends to be selective in the excitation of structural modes. The favored modes depend on the nature of the correlation. The reverberant field tends to be nonselective. One would like its correlation to conform as closely as possible to some standard formula, so as to simplify the estimation of correction factors relating the test severity to the severity of excitation in flight. By means of a calculation in terms of the actual acoustic mode shapes of a rectangular chamber, the present paper shows that under certain conditions the pointtopoint correlation can can asymptotically approach Cook's formula. However, significant fluctuations away from the formula may be expected at the lower frequencies. Furthermore, a sound source position away from the comer, and in particular a position of high geometric symmetry, can result in selectivity in the excitation of acoustic modes, and large deviations from the formula. Similarly, an array of highly correlated sound sources can result in deviations.
 Publication:

Journal of Sound Vibration
 Pub Date:
 May 1971
 DOI:
 10.1016/0022460X(71)903932
 Bibcode:
 1971JSV....16...29M