As a test of the validity of quantum electrodynamics (QED) for heavy virtual leptons, cross sections for wide-angle electron-pair photoproduction have been measured using hydrogen and carbon targets. Electron pairs were detected in two independent mirror-image spectrometers which identified production angles and momenta. A symmetrical arrangement was used in which interference between Bethe-Heitler and virtual Compton graphs is identically zero. Data were obtained at electron production angles from 5° to 7° and momenta from 1 to 2 GeV/c, and were compared with theory by means of a Monte Carlo calculation. Up to the maximum invariant mass of the electron pair 489 MeV/c2, the data are consistent with the predictions of QED for both targets, confirming the results of other recent wide-angle pair-production and bremsstrahlung experiments in this energy range. Expressing the results in terms of a cutoff parameter Λ, where any positive deviation from QED is proportional to Λ-4Ql4 (where Ql is the mass of the virtual lepton), one obtains Λ>0.76 GeV/c2 with 95% confidence. For a similar negative deviation, Λ>0.55 GeV/c2.