Seventeen-MeV deuteron-induced (d, t) reactions on Pd110, Pd108, and Ru104 are used to complement (d, p) studies exciting the same final nuclei. Many new states are reported, and in several cases previous I-π assignments are changed. The sum of spectroscopic factors gives roughly the same degree of filling as was found from the (d, p) work for the s and d states; further anomalous behavior was found for the g72 and h112 states. There is a tendency for the spectroscopic strength to be shifted to higher excitation energy in (d, t) reactions than in (d, p) reactions. There are strong similarities between the Pd and Ru isotopes as regards the number of nuclear states of each I-π and the degree of filling of s and d states, but the g72 state seems to be much less full in Ru than in Pd. In both Pd isotopes, there is a low-energy state (0.671 MeV in Pd109 and 0.781 MeV in Pd107) excited by l=1 transitions in both (d, p) and (d, t) reactions, indicating that they probably include components with 2p holes and 3p particles.