Diagrammatic Analysis of the Method of Correlated Basis Functions. I. Jastrow Correlating Factor for a Weakly Interacting Bose Gas
The method of correlated basis functions (CBF) is examined for the special case of a weakly interacting Bose gas. Using the Hugenholtz-Pines theory, we compute the ground-state energy exactly to fourth order in the interaction strength. The resulting expression is compared term by term with the unperturbed ground-state energy computed in the CBF using a Jastrow function as the correlating factor. We find that the three leading orders are all accounted for by the Jastrow function, while beginning in the fourth order only selected terms are included. The use of a correlated wave function in effect corresponds to summations of sellected diagrams to all orders. In particular, the ring diagrams and the ladder diagrams are most susceptible to these summations. In a separate paper we shall examine effects of perturbation in the CBF.