Corrections in the LuminosityRedshift Relations of the Homogeneous FriedMann Models
Abstract
In this paper the bolometric luminosityredshift relations of the Friedmann dust universes (A = 0) are corrected for the presence of inhomogeneities. The "locally" inhomogeneous Swisscheese models are used, and it is first shown that the introduction of clumps of matter into Friedmann models does not significantly affect the R(z) or R(v) relations (Friedmann radius versus the redshift or affine parameter) along a null ray. Then, by the use of the optical scalar equations, a linear thirdorder differential equation is arrived at for the mean crosssectional area of a light beam as a function of the affine parameter. This differential equation is confirmed by rederiving its small redshift solution from an interesting geometrical point of view. The geometrical argument is then extended to show that "mild" inhomogeneities of a transparent type have no effect on the mean area of a light beam
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 January 1969
 DOI:
 10.1086/149851
 Bibcode:
 1969ApJ...155...89K