Photons and Gravitons in SMatrix Theory: Derivation of Charge Conservation and Equality of Gravitational and Inertial Mass
Abstract
We give a purely Smatrixtheoretic proof of the conservation of charge (defined by the strength of soft photon interactions) and the equality of gravitational and inertial mass. Our only assumptions are the Lorentz invariance and pole structure of the S matrix, and the zero mass and spins 1 and 2 of the photon and graviton. We also prove that Lorentz invariance alone requires the S matrix for emission of a massless particle of arbitrary integer spin to satisfy a "massshell gauge invariance" condition, and we explain why there are no macroscopic fields corresponding to particles of spin 3 or higher.
 Publication:

Physical Review
 Pub Date:
 August 1964
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRev.135.B1049
 Bibcode:
 1964PhRv..135.1049W