During 1959, rocket experiments succeeded in advancing several areas of ultraviolet and x-ray astronomy. The solar disk was photographed in Lyman-a with a resolution of better than one minute of arc. Spectro- grams were obtained down to wavelengths below the He I and He II resonance lines. Solar x-ray emission coincident with visible flares was mapped from 60 A down to 0.2 A. For the first time a small optical telescope was used for the study of ultraviolet emissions in the night sky. It demonstrated the feasibility of ultraviolet color mapping of the stars and has given us some new clues to the nature of the ultraviolet nebulosities surrounding the early stars.