It was July 1957 in Washington, D. C., when the Earth Sciences panel of the National Science Foundation (NSF) had just completed two days of hard work evaluating some 60 odd projects requesting research grants. The difficult job completed we relaxed to reflect on our work. Many of the suggested projects were excellent and most were of high callibre. Walter Munk remarked, however, that not a single one of them was of such a nature that a really major advance in Earth Science would result. He suggested the panel invent a project which might strike directly at the roots of a major problem and forthwith suggested a hole to the Moho. If the writer deserves any credit for past or future association with this project, it is that he took Munk seriously and prevented momentarily adjournment of the panel. In the few minutes remaining he proposed referring the project to the American Miscellaneous Society (AMSOC) for action. This was not a joke. It was done for several very good reasons.