Kinetic Equation for a Plasma with Unsteady Correlations
Abstract
As a generalization of the Boltzmann equation, the kinetic equation for a plasma is derived in the form of a generalized FokkerPlanck equation, by considering unsteady correlations, including nonMarkovian and nonlinear behavior. Both the binary and ternary correlations are used for many kinds of particles with different temperatures. The coefficients of the kinetic equation depend on the law of interaction for a pair of particles and are influenced by relaxation. The effective potential of friction consists of two parts: the static part corresponds to the Debye potential and is isotropic, the dynamical part is axially symmetrical about the direction of motion, and causes a dynamical friction. The results show that the friction is proportional to velocity for slow particles, and inversely proportional to the square of velocity for fast particles. This tendency of the fast particles to overcome repulsion is a property connected with the "runaway" of electrons. A criterion for maximum friction is derived. The triplet interaction, which mainly affects the shielding phenomena, assures the convergence of the coefficients in case of distant interaction. Since the length scales of interaction are well determined in this way, the kinetic equation can be expected to be valid over a longer range than does the Boltzmann equation. The large scale agrees with the Debye radius, when the shielding term is linearized, as should be expected. When time relaxation is left aside and linearization is made, the kinetic equation degenerates to the classical FokkerPlanck equation with convergent coefficients.
 Publication:

Physical Review
 Pub Date:
 April 1959
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRev.114.394
 Bibcode:
 1959PhRv..114..394T