Evolution of the Universe
Abstract
IN checking the results presented by Gamow in his recent article on ``The Evolution of the Universe'' [Nature of October 30, p. 680], we found that his expression for matterdensity suffers from the following errors: (1) an error of not tailing into account the magnetic moments in Eq. (7) for the capture crosssection, (2) an error in estimating the value of α by integrating the equations for deuteron formation (the use of an electronic analogue computer leads to α = 1), and (3) an arithmetical error in evaluating ρ_{0} from Eq. (9). In addition, the coefficient in Eq. (3) is 1.52 rather than 2.14. Correcting for these errors, we find The condensationmass obtained from this corrected density comes out not much different from Gamow's original estimate. However, the intersection point ρmat. = ρ_{rad}. occurs at t = 8.6 × 10^{17} sec. ≌3 × 10^{10} years (that is, about ten times the present age of the universe). This indicates that, in finding the intersection, one should not neglect the curvature term in the general equation of the expanding universe. In other words, the formation of condensations must have taken place when the expansion was becoming linear with time.
 Publication:

Nature
 Pub Date:
 November 1948
 DOI:
 10.1038/162774b0
 Bibcode:
 1948Natur.162..774A